Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level gets elevated. Blood glucose is important as this is the main source of energy for the cells.
Blood glucose levels are regulated by Insulin that is secreted by beta cells in the pancreas. The Elevation of blood glucose can damage the capillaries, can cause nerve damage, stroke, chronic kidney disease, ulcers, and death.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 - This occurs in in childhood and results from pancreas's inability to produce enough insulin for regulating blood glucose levels. Regular insulin injections are required to regulate blood glucose.
Type 2 - This occurs in adults when cells fail to respond to insulin properly. The most common cause is excessive body weight and lack of physical exercise.
Exercise Guidelines For Diabetics
- Always consult your doctor before staring any exercise program.
- Eat a complex carbohydrate snack before any physical exercise. Always carry a rapid acting simple carbohydrate snack if you are prone to hypoglycemia.
- Do not inject insulin in primary muscle groups as it can reduce blood sugar causing hypoglycemia.
- Avoid exercising if your blood sugar level is outside the range of (100mg/dl - 300 mg/dl).